Modeling Recycling Behavior of Turkish Households: An Application of The Theory of Planned Behavior

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Structural equation modelling, Theory of planned behavior, Intention, Recycle, Behavior


This study examines the recycling intentions and behaviors of Turkish households to understand the factors influencing household recycling. Solid waste significantly impacts the global economy and environment, making recycling crucial for waste management. Despite limited research on household recycling behavior in Türkiye, understanding these factors can lead to more effective recycling programs. Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior, a self-reported online questionnaire was distributed to 415 Turkish households using random sampling. The recycling intentions and behaviors of households were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling. The findings indicate that recycling-related behavior is influenced by intentions, attitudes, subjective norms, awareness of consequences, concern, and perceived behavioral control of Turkish households. This study highlights the importance of addressing these factors for promoting sustainable recycling practices in Türkiye.


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How to Cite

NİYAZ ALTINOK, Özge C., Yılmaz, A. M., & TOMAR, O. (2024). Modeling Recycling Behavior of Turkish Households: An Application of The Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Recycling Economy & Sustainability Policy, 3(1), 17–30. Retrieved from